Table 1

List of medicinal plants used in a rural community in the municipality of Alagoinha, Pernambuco, NE Brazil. Status: C = cultivated, W = wild, E = exotic, N = native

Botanical taxon (and voucher specimen code)

Botanical family

name(s) recorded

Status

Importance

Part(s) used

Preparation

Administration

Claimed medicinal use


Anacardium occidentale L. (23615)

Anacardiaceae

Caju

C (E)

0.80

Bark of the stem

Decoction or tincture

External use

Anti-inflammation and bruise

Myracroduon urundeuva (Engl.) Fr. All. (23382)

Anacardiaceae

Aroeira

W(N)

0.70

Bark of the stem

Decoction or tincture

External use and drunk

Anti-inflammation, bruise and gastritis

Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. (23746)

Anacardiaceae

Braúna

W(N)

0.30

Bark of the stem

Infusion (tea) and syrup

Drunk

Cough and flu

Acanthospermum hispidum DC. (24327)

Asteraceae

Espinho-de-cigano

W(E)

0.05

Root

syrup

Drunk

Cough and asthma

Egletes viscosa Less. (23450)

Asteraceae

Macela

W(E)

0.10

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Digestive and dysentery

Cereus jamacaru DC. (n.c)

Cactaceae

Mandacaru

W(N)

0.10

Stem

Scrape of the bark in the water

Drunk

Problem of the kidney

Bauhinia cheilantha (Bong.) Steud. (24284)

Caesalpiniaceae

Mororó

W(N)

0.25

Bark of the stem; leaves and seeds

Syrup or Infusion (leaf)

Drunk

Headache, cough, diabetes and to expel catarrh

Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. (23639)

Caesalpiniaceae

Jucá

W(N)

0.20

Bark of the stem

Decoction (tea)

Drunk

Problem of the kidney and labirintitis

Piptadenia stipulacea Ducke (23717)

Mimosaceae

Carcará (rasga-beiço)

W(N)

0.30

Bark of the stem

Decoction or tincture

External use

Anti-inflammation

Eucalyptus sp. (23631)

Myrtaceae

Eucalipto

C(E)

0.25

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Fever

Psidium guajava L. (23613)

Myrtaceae

Goiaba

C(E)

0.50

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Dysentery

Boerhavia diffusa L. (24239)

Nyctaginaceae

Pega Pinto

W(E)

0.10

Root

syrup

Drunk

Anti-inflammation and cough

Passiflora foetida L. (24313)

Passifloraceae

Maracuja-de-estalo

W(N)

0.10

All Plant

Decoction with the addition of salt (syrup)

Drunk

Cough

Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. (n.c)

Poaceae

Capim-santo

C(E)

0.40

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Digestive, dysentery, fever and headache

Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. (23376)

Rhamnaceae

Juá

W(N)

0.35

Bark of the stem

Scrape of the bark in the water and syrup

Drunk

Cicatrizing and cough

Citrus aurantium L. (23742)

Rutaceae

Laranja

C(E)

0.05

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Fever

Dioclea grandiflora Mart. Ex Benth. (24235)

Fabaceae

Mucuña

W(N)

0.10

Fruit

?

?

?

Eryhtrina velutina Willd. (23612)

Fabaceae

Mulungu

W(N)

0.20

Bark of the stem

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Anti-inflammation and tranquillizer

Ocimum campechianum Mill. (24761)

Lamiaceae

Mangericão

C(E)

0.05

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Digestive and dysentery

Plectranthus sp. (24957)

Lamiaceae

Hortelã

C(E)

0.40

Leaves

Infusion (syrup)

Drunk

Cough

Rosmarinus officinalis L. (n.c)

Lamiaceae

Alecrim

C(E)

0.05

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Fever

Gossypium herbaceum L. (23647)

Malvaceae

Algodão

C(E)

0.05

Leaves

Cataplasm

External use

Burn

Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan var. cebil (Griseb.) Altschul (23634)

Mimosaceae

Angico-de-caroço

W(N)

0.65

Bark of the stem

Infusion (syrup)

Drunk

Cough

Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir. (23745)

Mimosaceae

Jurema-preta

W(N)

0.40

Bark of the stem and leaves

Infusion

External use

Anti-inflammation and tooth pain

Momordica charantia L. (n.c)

Cucurbitaceae

Melão-de-São-Caetano

W(E)

0.05

All Plant

Infusion

Bath

Allergy

Cnidoscolus urens (L.) Arthur (23442)

Euphorbiaceae

Urtiga

W(N)

0.10

Root

Decoction (tea)

Drunk

Anti-inflammation

Croton argyrophylloides Muell. Arg. (24310)

Euphorbiaceae

Sacatinga (Marmeleiro branco)

W(N)

0.35

Bark of the stem

Scrape of the bark in the water

Drunk

Dysentery

Croton rhamnifolius Willd. (23447)

Euphorbiaceae

Velame

W(N)

0.15

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Depurative

Jatropha curcas L.

Euphorbiaceae

Pinhão-bravo

W(N)

0.10

Latex

Direct or diluted in water

External use or drunk

Snake poison

Jatropha mollissima (Pohl) Baill. (23377)

Euphorbiaceae

Pinhão-manso

W(N)

0.30

Latex

Direct diluted in water

External use or drunk

Snake poison

Phyllanthus niruri L. (n.c)

Euphorbiaceae

Quebra-pedra

W(E)

0.05

Root

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

kidney diseases (specially stones)

Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A. C. Sm. (23737)

Fabaceae

Imburana-de-cheiro

W(N)

0.80

Bark of the stem

Infusion (tea) and syrup

Drunk

Cough and flu

Caesalpinia pyramidalis Tul. (23650)

Caesalpiniaceae

Catingueira

W(N)

0.35

Bark of the stem

syrup

Drunk

Cough

Hymenaea courbaril L. (24306)

Caesalpiniaceae

Jatobá

W(N)

0.60

Bark of the stem

syrup

Drunk

Cough, bronchitis, weakness and debility

Senna martiana (Benth.) H. S. Irwin & Barnebv (23638)

Caesalpiniaceae

Canafístula

W(N)

0.10

Bark of the stem

syrup

Drunk

Cough

Capparis flexuosa L. (23380)

Capparaceae

Feijão-de-boi

W(N)

0.20

Bark of the stem

Scrape of the bark in the water

Drunk

Snake poison

Cleome spinosa Jacq. (23448)

Capparaceae

Mussambê

W(E)

0.05

Leaves and flower

Tincture or syrup

External use or drunk

Cough

Maytenus rigida Mart. (23383)

Celastraceae

Bom-nome

W(N)

0.15

Bark of the stem

syrup and bark in the water

Drunk

Cough and rheumatic

Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (n.c)

Chenopodiaceae

Mastruz

C(E)

0.15

Leaves

Infusion (syrup)

External use

Cough

Kalanchae brasiliensis Cam. (23440)

Crassulaceae

Pratudo

C(E)

0.05

Leaves

Warm up leaves

External use

Pain in general

Ruta graveolens L. (n.c)

Rutaceae

Arruda

C(E)

0.30

Leaves

Tincture

?

Headache

Sapindus saponaria L. (23729)

Sapindaceae

Sabonete

W(N)

0.15

Bark of the stem

Decoction

Wash the hair

fungi

Serjania comata Radlk. (23443)

Sapindaceae

Ariu

W(N)

0.05

Root

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Rheumatism

Sideroxylon obtusifolium (Roem & Schult.) T. D. Penn. (n.c)

Sapotaceae

Quixaba

W(N)

0.80

Bark of the stem

Decoction or tincture

External use

Cicatrizing, bruise and anti-inflammation

Solanum paniculatum L. (23449)

Solanaceae

Jurubeba

W(E)

0.05

Root and fruits

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Anti-inflammation and liver diseases

Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Br. (24233)

Verbenaceae

Erva-cidreira

W(E)

0.65

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Digestive, dysentery, headache, fever and blood pressure

Lippia sp. (24303)

Verbenaceae

Alecrim

W(N)

0.10

Leaves

Infusion (tea)

Drunk

Digestive and dysentery

Hybanthus cf. ipecacuanha (L.) Baill. (23441)

Violaceae

Pepaconha

W(E)

0.15

Root

syrup

Drunk

Cough


de Albuquerque Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2006 2:30   doi:10.1186/1746-4269-2-30

Open Data